自考考试试题及答案解析 - 读趣百科
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翻译:

邓小平同志曾说:“社会主义财富属于人民,社会主义的致富是全民共同致富。”构建和谐社会,就是要把民生问题作为重中之重,让广大人民群众有活干,有学上,有饭吃,有衣穿,有屋住,病有医,老有养,生活幸福,都过上好日子。自此,在就业、教育、收入分配、医疗、养老、住房等领域,一大批关注民生的实事工程接连开工,一件件事关百姓冷暖的民生大事让各族群众喜笑颜开。

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只有在我过度劳累的时候,在我长时间不间断地工作的时候,在我感到内心空虚,需要充实的时候,我才会感到寂寞。有时,外出演讲回来,见了许多人,讲了许多话,心中满是纷乱的体验需要整理,偶尔也会觉得孤独。于是有那么一会儿,我会感到整个房子非常大,空荡荡的。不知此时的自我又藏匿于何处。这时,我会给花草浇浇水,挨个瞅瞅,仿佛它们是活生生的人一样,或是喂喂两只小猫,亲手做顿饭菜,这样自我就慢慢地重新找回。

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Directions: In this part, there are four items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one sentence. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in Part III of the Test Paper. You are allowed minutes to do the translation. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meaning in the context. Write your translation on the Translation Sheet in Test Paper Two.

T1.(Line2-3, Paragraph1, Passage1)

This was because bacteria entered the cuts in the patients bodied’and started infection.

T2.(Line2, Paragraph2, Passage2)

Many were rejected by U.S. medical schools simply because there was no room.

T3:.(Line3-4, Paragraph1, Passage3):

Accused of neglecting this part of our education, my father instituted a summer school for my brother and me .

T4:.(Line4-5, Paragraph1, Passage4)

Different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures.

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Directions:

There are 5 incomplete statements here. You should fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in brackets. Write the word or words in the corresponding space on the Answer Sheet.

31、 Our team will meet with each person to learn about his or her (person)______ and vocational goals.

32、 These questions enable the interviewer (know)______ how you previously reacted or behaved in certain types of situations.

33、 Before (ask) ______ for a promotion, try to find out how the decision makers in your company feel about you.

34、 They are under the (impress)______ that their communication ability is the most important factor in whether or not they will be hired.

35、 We believe that e-learning can be (effective) ______ than traditional instructions in the future.

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Directions:

This section is to test your ability to comprehend short passages. You will hear a recorded passage. After that you will hear five questions.Both the passage and the questions will be read two times. When you hear a question, you should complete the answer to it with a word or a short mphrase (in no more than 3words).The questions and incomplete answers are printed in your test paper. You should write your answers on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.

16、 What product does the company produce?______.

17、 When was the company set up?______ ago.

18、 Where are their products sold?Both ______ and abroad.

19、 According to the speaker,why do their products have a good reputation?

Because of the high quality and good ______ they provide.

20、 What does the speaker promise to give for a large order?A ______.

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Directions:

In this section you will hear a recorded short passage.The passage is printed in the test paper, but with some words or phrases missing. The passage will be read two times. You are required to put the missing words or phrases on the Answer Sheet in order of the numbered blanks according to what you hear. I think we'll mbegin now. First I'd like to welcome you all and thank you for your coming, especially at such short notice. I know you are all very busy and it's difficult to take time away from your ______ for meetings.As you can see on the agenda,today we will focus on the upcoming______.First we'll discuss the groups that will be coming in from Germany. After that, we'll discuss the North American Tours, ______ by the Asian tours. If time ______, we will also discuss the Australian tours which are booked for early September. Finally, I'm going to request some feedback from all of you ______ last year's tours and where you think we can improve.

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多选题

经济基础对上层建筑的决定作用表现为,经济基础决定上层建筑的()

A
产生
B
性质
C
具体特点
D
变化发展

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单选题

资本主义绝对地租形成的原因是()

A
资本主义农业中的土地私有权垄断
B
资本主义农业中的土地经营权垄断
C
农业资本有机构成低于社会平均资本有机构成
D
土地肥沃程度及地理位置的差别

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单选题

下列关于利息率的表述中不正确的是()

A
它的最低界限不能等于零
B
通常在平均利润率和零之间变动
C
由国家的习惯和法律传统决定
D
与平均利润率和企业利润率按相同比例变动

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多选题

共产主义为人的自由全面发展创造的有利条件有()

A
劳动成为解放人而非奴役人的手段
B
劳动者成为生产资料的所有者
C
人们可以根据自己的意愿和社会需要自由选择职业
D
全民教育的普及使人们的潜能和爱好得到充分发挥

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单选题

资本主义不同生产部门之间的竞争会导致()

A
社会必要劳动时间的变化
B
平均利润的形成
C
资本主义生产关系本质的变化
D
全社会的利润总量小于剩余价值总量

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单选题

决定商品价值量的是()

A
社会必要劳动时间
B
最多劳动时间
C
个别劳动时间
D
最少劳动时间

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单选题

社会革命的最深刻根源在于()

A
社会基本矛盾的激化
B
先进思想的传播
C
英雄人物的组织
D
人口数量的增多

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单选题

阶级斗争是阶级社会发展的()

A
基本动力
B
最终动力
C
直接动力
D
唯一动力

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单选题

生产方式是()

A
地理环境和人口因素的统一
B
社会存在和社会意识的统一
C
经济基础和上层建筑的统一
D
生产力和生产关系的统一

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单选题

下列选项中,正确表述一个完整认识过程的是()

A
感觉——知觉——表象
B
概念——判断——推理
C
实践——认识——实践
D
意识——物质——意识

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单选题

下列选项中,正确表述了认识的客体的含义的是()

A
认识的客体是主体实践和认识的对象
B
认识的客体是主体创造出来的对象
C
认识的客体是一切客观事物
D
认识的客体是整个外部自然界

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单选题

唯物辩证法的实质与核心是()

A
内容和形式相互作用规律
B
否定之否定规律
C
对立统一规律
D
质量互变规律

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单选题

下列选项中不属于马克思主义直接理论来源的是()

A
德国古典哲学
B
法国启蒙思想
C
英国古典经济学
D
英法两国空想社会主义学说

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简述列宁的物质定义及其重要意义。

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