词-ing形式作状语

动词-ing形式作状语可以修饰谓语动词或整个句子,表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式、伴随或补充。

1.表示时间:

动词-ing形式作时间状语,相当于一个时间状语从句。句首

句末 Turning around, she saw a car driving up.

=When she turned around, she saw a car driving up.

她转过身,看见一辆车朝她开来。

2.表示原因:

表示原因的动词-ing形式一般置于句首,相当于一个原因状语从

句。句首

句中或

句末 Being ill, he could not walk any further.

=As he was ill, he could not walk any further.

因为疲倦,他不能再往前走了。

3.表示结果:

动词-ing形式作状语表示一种必然的结果,可扩展为一个含有并列谓语的简单句。句末 The fire lasted nearly a month, leaving nothing valuable.

=The fire lasted nearly a month, and left nothing valuable.

大火持续了近一个月,几乎没剩下什么值钱的东西。

4.表示条件:

动词-ing形式作条件状语,相当于一个条件状语从句。句

首 Being more careful, you can make fewer mistakes.

=If you are more careful, you can make fewer mistakes.

更细心点,你就会少犯错误。

5.表示让步

动词-ing形式作让步状语,相当于一个让步状语从句。句

首 Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage.

=Although they knew all this, they made me pay for the damage.

尽管知道了一切情况,他们还是要我赔偿损失。

6.表示方式、伴随或补充说明:

动词-ing形式表示行为方式、伴随情况或补充说明,可以扩展成为一个并列成分。句末 I stood by the door, not daring to say a word.

=I stood by the door, and did not dare to say a word.

我站在门旁,不敢说一句话。

He was walking along the street, looking this way and that.

=He was walking along the street, and looked this way and that. 他在街上走着,左顾右盼。

特别提醒1 [从属连词+动词-ing形式]作状语

为了使动词-ing形式作状语所表达的时间、条件、让步等意思更加明确,可在动词-ing形式前加上适当的连词(when, while, if,though,unless, even

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